Type 1 diabetes versus Type 2 diabetes: Know the differences.
Type 1 Diabetes
Type 1 diabetes is believed to be the result of an autoimmune reaction (the body attacks itself by mistake). This reaction stops your body (your pancreas) from making insulin. Approximately 5-10% of the people who have diabetes have type 1.
Symptoms of type 1 diabetes often develop quickly. It’s usually diagnosed in children, teens, and young adults. If you have type 1 diabetes, you will need to take insulin every day to survive, as your pancreas is no longer functioning properly and making insulin. Type 1 diabetes cannot be "prevented" or "put into remission" with proper diet and exercise. Type 1 diabetes, however, can be managed successfully with early diagnosis and ongoing, lifelong treatment.
Type 2 Diabetes
In Type 2 diabetes, the body doesn’t utilize insulin well, either because it is not producing enough insulin, or the cells are not utilizing the insulin correctly. This results in elevated glucose elvels, referred to as hyperglycemia.
Approximately 90-95% of people with diabetes have type 2. It may develop slowly over many years and is usually diagnosed in adults although the number of people (including children and teenagers and even young adults) is increasing. You may not notice any symptoms, so it’s important to get your blood sugar tested if you’re at risk.
Type 2 diabetes may be prevented (or at least delayed) with healthy lifestyle changes, such as:
Eating healthy food.
Proper sleep habits
For more information on diabetes diagnosis and treatment options, check out the American Diabetes Association website at www.diabetes.org.